“Over-tourism” is a real term in the travel industry. Residents flee Dubrovnik and Venice while tourist-focused economic development floods the town.
Norway had 300,000 cruise passengers visit its UNESCO fjords, causing air pollution and crowds. The parliament has just decided that staring in 2026 only electric cruise ships will be allowed, making them the “world’s first zero-emission zone at sea.” They will need to charge the ships with renewable energy to truly earn that title. In 2016, 98 percent of their electricity came from renewables (although they still drill for oil and gas offshore.)